What is and how do I prevent hypoglycemia? (Low blood glucose level)
In people who don’t have Diabetes, blood sugar (glucose) levels stay constant at normal levels, which range between 70 and 100 mg/dl. However, in people with Diabetes, these levels don’t stay normal, which is why a proper treatment and control is required so it doesn’t rise above normal levels.
In people with Diabetes who require insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents (pills), in some cases blood sugar levels could plummet to below normal levels (less than 70 mg/dl); this is called Hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia isn’t generally a serious condition and can be easily treated by eating sugar, getting a sweet drink or food. However, in these cases acting quickly is very important, since otherwise the situation can become very dangerous. Due to this, it’s advised for every person with Diabetes who needs insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents (pills), to always carry candy, sugar or foods with a high sugar content, so they can effectively and quickly counteract hypoglycemia.
How to prevent hypoglycemia?
The most important recommendations are:
- Don’t eat less than the amount of food you’re supposed to.
- Eat at your set times and don’t skip any meals (including snacks).
- Don’t exercise more than usual.
- When you exercise, always carry a glucose supply, like glucose tablets or gels, candy, etc.
- Always check your blood glucose levels before and after performing any physical activity.
- If you exercise more than usual or do any extreme exercises, you’ll need to check your blood glucose levels more frequently, up to 24 hours after performing that exercise.
- Watch out for hypoglycemia symptoms.
If for any reason you are going to stream away from your diet or exercise routine, check your blood sugar levels and take all necessary precautions.