If you have Diabetes, How should you trim your nails, treat your calluses and have good foot hygiene?
The way you trim your nails is a very important aspect to bear in mind for maintaining proper care of your feet and to prevent injuries. If your nails aren’t clipped properly it may lead to consequences that could become serious problems, because it may cause injury or ingrown toenails, which are a gateway to infection.
How to cut your nails?
- Cut your toenails in a straight line, and not too close to the skin.
- Don’t cut the corners.
- Gently file your toenails.
- Cut your toenails after bathing, since they’ll be soft and easier to cut.
- If you can’t see well or your nails are too thick, have them cut by a family member who’s been well instructed to do it correctly and safely.
- If possible, consult a podiatrist (foot care specialist), so he or she can give you precise instructions on how to cut your nails or whoever take care of cutting them.
How to treat corns and calluses?
- Consult a podiatrist to assess and treat these problems.
- Don’t use home cures or razors or sharp tools to remove calluses.
- Gently rub all corns and calluses with a pumice stone after bathing, this will remove the extra layers of skin that have been added.
How to maintain good foot hygiene?
Personal hygiene is an important factor to promote good health in the population. For people with Diabetes it’s even more important to maintain good personal hygiene, because it decreases likelihood of infections.
- Wash your feet every day and dry them gently, especially between the toes to prevent fungal growth.
- Use mild soaps.
- Check the water temperature with your hands or a bath thermometer before entering the shower or bath. The appropriate temperature is of 29°C (84ºF) to 32°C (90°F).
- Don’t soak your feet for too long, as this can cause your skin to dry and crack.
- Check with your doctor immediately if you notice any signs of a problem.
It’s very important for every person with Diabetes to learn how to properly clip their nails, treat their corns and maintain good hygiene of their feet at all times to prevent any infection that may occur and cause feet problems. If you don’t know how or have impaired vision or mobility, see a podiatrist, they are foot care specialists.