How I can have a healthier life style and prevent the onset of Type 2 Diabetes?
The lifestyle we currently lead is generally characterized by habits that are harmful for our health; stress and a sedentary lifestyle or little physical activity, not mentioning the fact of smoking and excessive drinking, aggravate this situation.
Another very important factor that will help us decrease our risk of developing Diabetes, is leading a calmer and more carefree life. It has been found that excessive stress can cause Diabetes. This is because when we’re stressed or in danger, our brain sends a signal to our adrenal glands (located above the kidneys) to secrete a hormone called Cortisol, whose function is to equip people with the tools they need to get out of a dangerous situation. This hormone causes blood glucose levels to rise and heart rate to accelerate, accelerating blood flow in the arteries, stimulating the body to secrete more of a hormone called ghrelin (the hunger hormone) and facilitating the formation of fat cells (adipocytes) in the adipose tissue. All of this is used by the body for dangerous situations, so people can have all the energy and strength they need to escape or deal with these situations.
We need to note that human beings weren’t created to be in long-term stressful situations such as work, economic problems and tight schedules, for which they don’t need the processes and circumstances involved in cortisol secretion, because none of these require physical exertion.
If we want to have a healthy lifestyle, we need to make all the necessary changes and acquire healthy eating habits, exercise regularly, relieve our stress, reduce alcohol consumption and quit smoking.
If we follow these recommendations and dutifully include them in our daily routines, we’ll prevent the risk factors of excess weight or obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases and, thus, we’ll be able to enjoy a better quality of life.