What are the risk factors of having Prediabetes?
There are certain risk factors we can’t control, such as family history, age or ethnic group. In this case, we need to make a greater effort to reduce the risks caused by those factors we do control. Overweight and obesity, coupled with a lack of physical activity (sedentary lifestyle), are risk factors that we can control and are the one that represent a higher probability of developing prediabetes and therefore, later, being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes.
Among these main risk factors we can mention:
- Overweight or obesity.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Liver steatosis or fatty liver.
- Diabetes history in the family.
- Over 40 years of age.
- Being Hispanic or African American.
- High blood LDL (bad cholesterol) levels and low blood HDL (good cholesterol) levels.
- High blood triglycerides levels.
- Having had Gestational Diabetes.
- In women, having had a baby of over 4 kg (9 lb) at birth.
- Having polycystic ovary syndrome.
The main goal is to improve cell sensitivity to insulin signals as much as you can, i.e., get them to be less insulin resistant, which is why besides from doing all of this lifestyle changes to reduce our risk factors in general, we also need to use natural products such as Chromium Picolinate and Selenium, among others, and to help treat Type 2 Diabetes even sometimes use a type of drugs called Metformin.
Fortunately, we can minimize some of these risk factors, with a few simple lifestyle changes. Eating healthy, exercise more, sleeping well, not smoking, not drinking alcohol in excess, leading a calm and relaxed life and trying to maintain a normal weight, are some of the most important recommendations that can help our cells become increasingly sensitive to insulin signals, so we can prevent the development of prediabetes and consequently a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis. This will allow us to enjoy a healthier, more productive and happier life.