Get to know what Diabetes is

Get to know what Diabetes is

Diabetes is a chronic disease that impedes the body from using food properly. When food is digested, it’s broken down into nutrients and a form of sugar called glucose. Glucose is the fuel our cells use to provide our bodies with the energy they need. This process of turning food into energy is called metabolism. To properly metabolize glucose, the body needs a substance called insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas, a gland located behind the stomach. The function of the pancreas is to regulate the use of glucose in the body and is therefore essential in the metabolic process.

Insulin works by allowing glucose to reside in the cells so they can use it as fuel, maintaining the blood glucose levels within what’s normal (70 to 100 mg/dl).

People with Diabetes do not produce enough insulin to metabolize glucose, or the insulin they do produce doesn’t work effectively. This means glucose can’t be stored in the cells to be transformed into energy (metabolized), which is why it accumulates in the blood at high levels. Diabetes is a serious disease, but people with this condition can live a long, healthy and happy life if they control it.

Although there is still no cure for Diabetes, it can be controlled. The main goal in treatment is to maintain blood sugar levels (glycemia) as close to the normal range as possible (70-110 mg/dl) for the longest amount of time.

There are three types of Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes) and the treatment method depends on the type of Diabetes. People with Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) can work and study, and do it well. Discipline is necessary to control Diabetes well, and it usually makes people with this condition, better employees and students. People with Diabetes have to eat at set times, however, they can still perform activities that require a great physical effort.