What is Hyperglycemia and how does it occur?
Blood sugar levels of people with Diabetes who don’t follow their treatment adequately tend to rise above the normal range (70-110 mg/dl).
Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels reach a level of 180 mg/dl or higher. If hyperglycemia isn’t dealt with, and levels remain above 240 mg/dl, it can lead to a dangerous condition called ketoacidosis or “diabetic coma”. Ketoacidosis usually occurs in people with type 1 Diabetes.
High blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), also increase the risk of infections and are directly related to the onset of chronic long-term complications (confirmed by the DCCT).
For this reason it is very important to watch for symptoms of hyperglycemia and take all necessary precautions to avoid major problems.
With proper Diabetes control and by checking blood sugar levels, you can avoid hyperglycemia.
How does Hyperglycemia occur?
Hyperglycemia causes are:
- Not taking medication (insulin or pills) doses.
- Using less insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents (pills) than instructed.
- Eating more than instructed or eating high sugar content foods that aren’t included in your nutritional regimen.
- Being sick or having an infection (flu, fever, etc.) or being under stress.
- Not exercising or exercising less than usual.
One or more of these causes can lead to high blood sugar levels, therefore, it’s important to monitor your glucose levels regularly, especially if you forgot your medication, are ill or under emotional stress or are diverging from your daily diet or exercise routine.