The importance of having normal Hemoglobin A1c levels
Remember that the Glycated Hemoglobin A1c test tells us our average blood glucose (glycemia) levels, that is, it gives us the complete picture of how our control has been. Given that glucose is sticky, it will adhere to the molecules of a protein called Hemoglobin. The higher our blood glucose levels are, the higher the percentage of Hemoglobin glycation is; this test is known as Glycated Hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c test.
These are some important recommendations that should be considered when testing Glycated Hemoglobin:
- People with (insulin-dependent) Type 1 Diabetes should get this test every three months, while people with Type 2 Diabetes (who don’t need insulin), can check their Glycated Hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c twice a year.
- The Glycated Hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c test is very important, however, it can’t replace the blood glucose levels monitoring because it can’t measure daily levels and doesn’t allow you to adjust your medication dosage, change the amount of exercise you do, and modify your daily nutritional plan. Instead, when you check your blood glucose levels frequently, it allows you to make all the necessary adjustments and modifications for your treatment, physical activity, and diet, so you’ll be able to take the necessary measures to maintain your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
- Glycated Hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c levels should be kept as close to normal (5% to 7%) as possible, to avoid problems caused by a poorly controlled Diabetes.
- This test has to be done in a lab and doesn’t require fasting.
- In some people with Diabetes, an ideal A1c Hemoglobin level may be above 7%, because some people are very susceptible to Hypoglycemias or low blood glucose levels, which is why doctors prefer this group of people to not maintain a very strict control of their Diabetes, but also to not increase their risk of a Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar episodes.
If Glycated Hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c levels remain below 7%, Diabetes won’t cause any damage to the body, because it will be having an optimal control of its blood glucose levels, therefore, preventing the dreaded chronic complications associated with a poorly controlled Diabetes, which will allow you to enjoy a healthy, productive, and happy life.