What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

Ketoacidosis or “Diabetic Coma” is a situation that every person with Diabetes should avoid or prevent. If the blood sugar levels of a person with Diabetes are too high (240 mg/dl or more) and this situation isn’t addressed and properly controlled, it can lead to a very dangerous biological process called ketoacidosis or “Diabetic coma”.

In normal situations the cells use glucose as fuel which they transform into energy, which causes your blood glucose levels to remain within normal values; this process is possible due to insulin, which allows glucose to enter the cells.

When the body doesn’t have enough insulin to help glucose enter the cells, and they can’t use glucose as fuel to meet their energy needs, the cells begin to steal energy from the body’s fat reserves. During this process acids called ketones are produced. Having large amount of ketones in the body makes them poisonous, leading to ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis, also known as Diabetic coma, usually occurs in people with Type 1 Diabetes. If ketoacidosis isn’t treated properly, the person may fall into a “Diabetic coma” which requires hospitalization and could even be fatal. Proper attention to the warning signs can prevent a big problem. Weakness and nausea are some of the symptoms of ketoacidosis. If this is not treated as soon as possible, will require to go to the emergency room immediately, because otherwise this situation could turn very dangerous and may even put life at risk.

If you maintain proper control over your blood glucose levels and are even more aware of them during sickness or stressful days, you’ll be doing everything to prevent the presence of blood ketones and this will ensure the prevention of ketoacidosis.

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (blood ketones)