Besides people with Diabetes, Who else needs eye care?
A family history of glaucoma, cataracts or retinal problems also requires frequent visits to the ophthalmologist. For people over 40 years of age, glaucoma screening should be done annually or every two years, because its incidence increases with age.
If you have children, make sure they are checked for “amblyopia” before they turn 4. Amblyopia is a condition in which eyesight is poor or a little worse in one eye; this condition becomes increasingly harder to treat and even impossible as children grow, therefore early detection is crucial.
Usually if this initial evaluation was favorable, you won’t need to get tested again until puberty. Of course, if you notice anything unusual, such as: crossed eyes (strabismus), difference in color, shape or size of the eyes or pupils, pain or redness, you should see an ophthalmologist immediately.
Conjunctivitis deserves special attention because it may indicate an infection in the tissues around the eye, which can turn into something serious if left untreated.
- Some medical conditions can cause problems; if you suffer from hypertension for example, make sure to visit your eye doctor regularly.
- If you are a woman planning pregnancy, get tested before conceiving and during your first trimester of pregnancy. Your eye doctor will tell you if you need additional tests during pregnancy.
- If you are under 40 years, wear glasses and notice that your eyesight is worsening, don’t hesitate to get tested.
If you have diabetes, who takes care of your eyes?
Many people confuse the words: Ophthalmologist, Optometrist and Optician. Proper eye care depends on understanding the difference between these three professionals.
- An Optometrist can prescribe conventional and contact lenses.
- An Optician prepares lens prescriptions and is usually the best source of information regarding types of frames and lenses.
- An Ophthalmologist however, is a trained physician for the medical and surgical treatment of eyes. The Ophthalmologist is the only one qualified for diagnosis, treatment and specialized care.