Adipocytes… Why does waist circumference increase so much?
When one goes to a doctor’s appointment, they usually always monitor blood pressure, some check weight, but very few check waist circumference. Measuring waist circumference isn’t enough, but it’s better than only using Body Mass Index (BMI). If a person has a wide waist as well as a normal blood triglyceride level, the stored fat is “subcutaneous” and therefore isn’t as dangerous. But if triglycerides are high, fat is “visceral”, which means it’s hidden among the organs and poses a greater danger.
When we ingest more calories than the amount of calories we use, these calories accumulate as fat cells or adipocytes in the adipose tissue, increasing its size. Usually, these fat cells accumulate in the abdominal adipose tissue, i.e., the waist, unfortunately, this is the most dangerous area.
Each adipocyte can form 5 new fat cells and each of these can grow up to 5 times their size, which can make our waist circumference increase in large proportions. When we lose weight, the adipocytes or fat cells reduce in size, but the amount of fat cells can’t decrease. Therefore, if we gain too much weight, it’ll be hard to recover the figure we had previously.
The best thing to do for a good cardiovascular risk diagnosis is to take into account, both Body Mass Index (BMI) and the patient’s waist size, especially those who have a lot of muscle mass, because BMI doesn’t indicate the degree of intra-abdominal fat, and muscles, because they’re denser, are heavier than fat, while waist measurement, does indicate the presence of fat.
If you make sure you get these checkups with your doctor and at home, in the long term your measuring tape will become a practical tool for preventing cardiovascular diseases.
By reducing our waist size, we’ll make sure it won’t be a problem that causes cardiovascular damage and it’ll allow us to have a better quality of life.