Why overweight is related to Diabetes?
An excess of fat cells (adipocytes) accumulated in the adipose tissue, especially around the waist, can lead to insulin resistance, i.e., cells can lose their sensitivity to insulin signaling, making it harder for glucose to enter the cells, and preventing it from being used as energy.
As a person surpasses their normal weight they’re also increasing their risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes used to be known as “adult onset Diabetes” because it was only presented in adults, and usually, in people over 40, i.e., a few years ago this type of Diabetes didn’t show up in children and young people. Now, a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis in children and young people is becoming increasingly common and the numbers tend to increase every day in greater proportions.
New cases of Diabetes diagnosed in the US child population show an alarming growth of Type 2 Diabetes. About half of the new cases of Diabetes in children diagnosed in the United States are type 2, according to data from a study by the Heartlands Hospital in Birmingham, in the UK, presented at the 38th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) held in Budapest (Hungary).
This clearly indicates that this increase in incidence of overweight and obesity is directly related to the increase of Type 2 Diabetes in children and young people. Fortunately, if we take timely preventive measures, changing our current lifestyle, maintaining a healthy eating plan and increasing our physical activity, we’ll be reducing our risk factors of overweight, obesity and Diabetes in children.