Prediabetes… Precursor to Type 2 Diabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition that precedes a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis and is detected when fasting blood sugar (blood glucose) levels are above the normal range, but not high enough to be considered Type 2 Diabetes.
The normal fasting blood glucose range should lie between 70 and 100 mg/dl. If blood glucose levels lie between 101 and 115 mg/dl, it can be considered as Prediabetes.
In this case a test called “Glucose Tolerance Curve” will allow us to know, how high our risk of being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes is.
The glucose tolerance curve will indicate the sensitivity degree of our cells to insulin signals, or how resistant our cells are to insulin. Early detection of any degree of insulin resistance, will allow the doctor, and you, to take the necessary steps to reduce your degree of insulin resistance and thus to prevent a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis.
Prediabetes is a condition in which diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented or delayed if necessary measures are taken immediately. Unfortunately, Prediabetes is usually not detected and when Prediabetes is detected in time, those affected often don’t follow the necessary recommendations to prevent or delay a Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis. For this reason and unfortunately, most people with prediabetes will develop Type 2 Diabetes within the next 8 to 10 years.
It’s important to notice that because prediabetes shows no symptoms, detection of this condition is based on test results for blood glucose (glycemia) and Hemoglobin A1C tests. The high levels of glycemia, referred to within levels that indicate prediabetes, already can cause damage to the body. Therefore, it is very important that all people, especially those with risk factors, perform a blood tests Glucose and Hemoglobin A1C at least 1 once a year.
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a scientific study that conclusively proved that Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented, even if the person has prediabetes, if they do all the necessary changes to their current lifestyle and follow the doctor’s recommendations.
It is therefore very important, if you are at risk of developing type 2 Diabetes, to get the necessary examinations to determine your degree of cell sensitivity to insulin signals. If you have any degree of insulin resistance, the most important recommendations is to closely follow your doctor’s instructions and make all the necessary lifestyle changes that will allow you to enjoy a better quality of life