What is Acanthosis Nigricans or Pigmentosa?
Acanthosis Nigricans or Pigmentosa is a condition characterized by small spots that appear in certain parts of the body and occurs mainly when one has high blood insulin levels. Excess blood insulin, can cause epidermal cells to begin reproducing suddenly, and gradually they make the skin become thicker, rougher, velvety and dark spots to appear in the folds of the neck, armpits, groin, elbows, knees, hands and feet. If you notice dark spots on your neck, elbows or knees, it’s very important for you to see your doctor immediately, so he can perform the necessary tests to determine if you have high blood insulin levels and glucose intolerance, and if so, you can take the steps to minimize or solve the problem. Normal insulin levels in the body range between 5 and 10 mIU/L, insulin levels above 10 mIU/L may indicate insulin resistance, and levels above 25 mIU/L indicate prediabetes. The high insulin levels are known as Hyperinsulinism.
Hyperinsulinism leads the list of conditions that cause Acanthosis Nigricans or Pigmentosa, but there are other factors that also occur such as:
- Being overweight or obese
- Hormonal disorders
- Certain medications and supplements
- Stomach, colon or liver cancer
- Lymphoma in the gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract.
Even though there’s no treatment for Acanthosis Nigricans or Pigmentosa, the best way to minimize the problem is to treat the condition that causes it. If Acanthosis Nigricans or Pigmentosa is caused by Hyperinsulinism, making lifestyle changes will improve your cell’s sensitivity to insulin signals, reducing its blood levels, and if, for example, the cause is being overweight, then you will have to lose weight to reduce Acanthosis Nigricans.
If you’re concerned about your skin’s appearance, or your injuries smell bad, your doctor may recommend certain creams, antibacterial soaps, topical antibiotics, acne medications and even laser treatment.
It’s very important for people to gain the necessary knowledge that will enable them to recognize the signs and symptoms of any health problems that may be affecting them, so they can take timely measures to minimize or solve the problem.
At Diabetes Up to Date, we are committed to keep you informed about any aspect related to Diabetes and its risk factors, so you can have the knowledge you need to enjoy a healthy, productive and happy life.