What happens when there’s Hyperinsulinism or Hyperinsulinemia?
Elevated blood insulin levels can cause serious problems in the body, where Hypoglycemia or low blood glucose, are the most common and dangerous of them all. Hypoglycemia can cause confusion, inattention and inappropriate behavior or neuroglycopenia, in addition to seizures and neurological damage that could be irreversible, because the nervous system won’t have the nutrients it needs to work properly. If Hypoglycemia isn’t treated in time it can even lead to death, so it’s vital to counteract it as soon as you begin to notice any symptoms.
Other problems related to the Hyperinsulinism are Acanthosis Nigricans, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Alzheimer’s disease.
Hyperinsulinism and Acanthosis Nigricans
Acanthosis Nigricans is a condition that indicates insulin resistance and is characterized because in some areas of the body where the skin becomes thick, rough and brown spots appear. They usually appear on the neck, armpits, elbows, knees, hands and feet.
Hyperinsulinemia and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
The Polycystic Ovary or Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, is a disorder in which the ovaries become enlarged and contain several fluid-filled sacs or cysts. This leads to increased male hormone or “androgen” levels, which increase the risk of women acquiring certain masculine traits.
In that sense, Hyperinsulinism can alter the female reproductive organ, halting egg generation and increasing the risk of miscarriage. This problem has to be treated with hormones, drugs and by controlling blood glucose and insulin levels.
If you notice that you have less frequent menstrual periods, increased hair growth on the face, stomach, back and thumbs, acne, oily skin, weight gain or obesity, among others, go see your doctor as soon as possible, since you may have PCOS. Your doctor will advise you on the steps you need to follow to minimize, control or eliminate this problem, allowing you to have a healthier life.
Hyperinsulinemia and Alzheimer’s disease
Elevated blood insulin levels may lead to neuronal tissue inflammation and contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study from the University of Washington which was published in the journal Archives of Neurology.
According to this research, hyperinsulinemia caused a significant increase in inflammation markers of the central nervous system. This suggests that the risk of Alzheimer’s disease could partially increase, due to the effects of excess blood insulin or Hyperinsulinism.
Alzheimer’s disease causes behavioral changes, memory loss and impaired speech, all due to the formation of abnormal protein clusters (amyloid deposits) and tangled fibers which arise due to neuron degeneration.
It’s important, if you present any insulin resistance risk factors, to see your doctor as soon as possible, so you can be diagnosed in time and thus take the necessary steps to make your cells regain insulin sensitivity, i.e. to be less insulin resistant, and thus to prevent the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, Hyperinsulinism and Alzheimer’s, among other health problems.
It’s very important to be attentive to any of these signs or warnings, which may indicate the presence of Hyperinsulinism or elevated blood insulin levels, because, that way your doctor will be able to take the necessary measures to control these situations properly.