Why is it important to avoid Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
The best way to prevent the presence of ketones, is to maintain good control of your Diabetes and check your blood sugar levels regularly, especially if you are sick with a cold, flu, fever or under a lot of stress.
If you have high blood sugar (180 mg/dl or more) you should make all necessary corrections on time for your blood sugar to not reach higher levels (240 mg/dl or more). In this case, you’ll have to get a urine ketone test and if you do have ketones, you should call your doctor for instructions on what to do so they won’t reach even higher levels and the situation can be controlled more easily.
Some important recommendations are:
- Follow your insulin routine closely, injecting the right amount at the appropriate times. Remember that being sick may require you to adjust your insulin dose. Discuss this with your doctor.
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly, especially if you’re sick.
Test your urine ketones if:
- Your blood sugar levels are 240 mg/dl or higher.
- You are sick with the flu, a fever, infection, vomiting, have a stomachache or are under stress. In this case you’re recommended to monitor your blood glucose levels and get a ketone test every 4 to 6 hours.
- If you have urine ketones don’t exercise.
- Call your doctor if you have urine ketones. If you can’t talk to your doctor, visit the closest emergency room immediately.
Remember, if you’re aware of your ketoacidosis symptoms and act quickly, any problems that arise can be solved more easily.