Hyperinsulinism Warnings and Symptoms
When people have Hyperinsulinemia or Hyperinsulinism, the body tells them that their blood insulin levels are high. Some of these signs can be dark spots on the neck, elbows, knees, etc., weight gain, high blood pressure, and women may present additional signs such as irregular menstrual periods, increased hair on the face, neck, back and infertility, among others. The hyperinsulinism symptom we should look out for the most is Hypoglycemia or low blood glucose levels, as these appear suddenly and if left untreated can cause seizures, neurological damage, unconsciousness and even death.
When blood glucose level drops are low, it can cause anxiety and hunger, but in more severe cases or those which have lasted longer, many other symptoms arise.
Some symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) are:
- Altered heartbeat
- Blurry vision
- Confusion and dizziness
- Humor changes
Normal blood insulin levels range from 5 mc U/ml and 10mc U/ml. When blood insulin levels are above 10mc U/ml, they’re considered high, i.e. there’s hyperinsulinemia or hyperinsulinism. Blood insulin levels can raise due to three reasons which are, hereditary problems (Congenital hyperinsulinism), which in most cases appear in infants and is very dangerous. The second reason why blood insulin levels rise, is having a pancreatic tumor (usually benign) called an insulinoma. Another reason for elevated blood insulin levels is insulin resistance in which case, when it exceeds 20mc U/ml it’s considered that the person has prediabetes.
If you have hyperinsulinism, it’s very important for you to ask your doctor what to do to counter a hypoglycemia or low blood sugar episode, more quickly and effectively. Usually, hypoglycemia can be counteracted by simply ingesting fast absorption glucose sources such as candy, sugary drinks or glucose tablets, but remember that if you have hyperinsulinism and consume large amounts of glucose, your brain will send a signal to your pancreas to produce more insulin.