Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
If you notice one or more of these symptoms concurrently, you should see your doctor; he or she could determine, through a series of simple tests if you have Type 1 Diabetes. The symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes usually appear suddenly and these are:
- Frequent urination in large quantities or Polyuria.
- Excessive thirst or Polydipsia.
- Excessive hunger at every time or Polyphagia.
If after having these symptoms you don’t visit your doctor, you’ll have the following symptoms, which occur when blood glucose levels (glycemia) are above 240 mg/dl.
- Weakness, drowsiness.
- Sudden changes in vision, or blurred vision.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- High temperature, dry skin.
- Deep breathing.
- Fruity odoured breath.
- Sudden weight loss without apparent cause.
Because the pancreas in people with Type 1 Diabetes doesn’t produce insulin, glucose can’t enter the cells. Which is why blood-glucose levels rise, and these symptoms become increasingly evident. Therefore, this type of Diabetes doesn’t go unnoticed and can be diagnosed within a few days.
Why doesn’t Type 1 Diabetes go unnoticed?
Because Beta cells have been destroyed by T cells from the immune system (as they are confused with viruses and bacteria) in people with Type1 Diabetes, the body can’t produce insulin. This causes glucose levels in the blood to become more and more elevated above normal levels. Remember that insulin is the key that opens the doors to the cells so that they can use glucose as a fuel source to enable them to perform daily activities. When blood sugar levels (glycemia) reach 240 mg/dl, and the body doesn’t have insulin to metabolize it, the cells are forced to metabolize energy from fat. The waste products from this process are poisonous substances called ketones. If this situation isn’t stopped, the cells will continue using fat as fuel and the ketones levels will increase in the blood, leading to a dangerous condition called Ketoacidosis. When people have Ketoacidosis, the symptoms are so obvious that those affected are forced into the emergency room, where the team of doctors and nurses, in addition to diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes, will reverse this dangerous situation by offsetting or stabilizing the blood glucose levels.