Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
If you notice one or more of these symptoms concurrently, you should visit your doctor, and through a simple test he or she can determine if you have diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes symptoms, usually show up gradually and include:
- Frequent urination, and in large quantities or Polyuria.
- Excessive thirst or Polydipsia.
- Excessive hunger at all hours or Polyphagia.
- Sudden vision changes, or blurred vision.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Frequent infections, usually in your gums or urine.
- Tingling, numbness in hands and feet.
- Itchy skin and genitals.
- Cuts and wounds that are slow to heal.
- Dry skin.
Type 2 Diabetes can go unnoticed for several years, and in some cases, is only diagnosed when it has already caused irreversible damage to the body. Unfortunately, some people learn they have Type 2 Diabetes when they go to the doctor because they’ve gone blind, have kidney failure, had a heart attack, stroke or need an amputation because their blood glucose levels were high for several years.
Why can Type 2 Diabetes go unnoticed for several years?
People with Type 2 Diabetes do produce insulin, but it doesn’t work as efficiently due to several reasons; one of the main reasons is because the person’s cells have lost sensitivity to insulin signals or have become resistant to them. When insulin can’t work properly, glucose levels begin to rise, but can’t reach high enough levels for the symptoms to become evident. However, when these glucose levels rise above normal, they cause damage in the body that can turn irreversible over the years. If a person has Type 2 Diabetes and doesn’t know it, his or her glucose levels will remain above normal, as with those people who know they have Type 2 Diabetes, but don’t control it properly. This is why they will develop the dreaded chronic complications associated with poor Diabetes control.
That is why it is vital for people to have a glucose level Hemoglobin A1c test at least once a year, so they can enjoy a healthier, more productive and happier life.