Oral Medications for Type 2 Diabetes
Hypoglycemic agents or Oral Drugs
Approximately 90% of people who have Diabetes have Type 2. Unlike people with Type 1 Diabetes, who don’t produce insulin at all, people with Type 2 Diabetes do produce insulin. However, they don’t produce enough insulin, or the body fails to use the insulin produced. This second condition, when insulin is present, but doesn’t reduce blood glucose levels efficiently is called insulin resistance and it’s a key factor for the development of Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent). Approximately 80% of people with Type 2 Diabetes are overweight or clinically obese (being overweight is a cause for insulin resistance). Thin people with Type 2 Diabetes, generally have an irregular insulin secretion.
Most people with Type 2 Diabetes don’t need to be treated with insulin. Only about 25% of them, need to be treated with diet and exercise programs, and a further 50% are treated with pills called Oral Hypoglycemic Agents, to help maintain their blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
Oral medications are only a part of the program
Oral hypoglycemic agents are very effective in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes, however, they shouldn’t be taken as the first alternative to have good control on blood sugar. A proper diet, weight control, and exercise, are the best treatments for people with Type 2 Diabetes. This, along with personal glucose monitoring, and medications (if necessary), are the key to achieve a good Diabetes control to prevent the onset of chronic complications.
Pills aren’t a replacement for exercise and weight loss
It is essential for overweight people to continue trying to lose weight through a nutritional regime, and an appropriate exercise plan, not only because oral hypoglycemic agents are more effective in those who have their diet and weight under control, but also because weight loss increases cells sensitivity to insulin.
In addition to diet, exercise, and oral medications, some people with Type 2 Diabetes, may need insulin or another injectable drug called Exenatide, such as Byetta or Bydurion.