A healthy lifestyle is key to preventing Type 2 Diabetes
There still isn’t sufficient evidence that we can prevent the onset of Type 2 Diabetes in those at high risk of developing it, solely with medications. However, there is strong evidence that suggests that by having a healthy body weight, following a healthy eating plan, exercising daily and reducing our stress, we can prevent or at least delay the onset of not only Type 2 Diabetes, but also of Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and Pre-Diabetes.
The Diabetes Prevention Program or DPP strongly demonstrated that lifestyle changes can prevent a Diabetes diagnosis, and it’ll be even better if we take drugs that reduce our insulin resistance (Metformin). These lifestyle changes will also help reduce our high cholesterol and triglycerides levels, hypertension, atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases associated with excess weight and obesity.
While it is true that excess weight and obesity are major risk factors for developing Type 2 Diabetes, the fact remains that the excess stress or anxiety in which we constantly live is also an important factor for the development of Type 2 Diabetes and cardiovascular disease, among several other health problems. This occurs because when we are in stressful or in dangerous situations, our body secretes a hormone called Cortisol that raises our blood glucose levels, constricting our arteries and blood vessels, accelerating our heart rate, facilitating the formation of adipocytes or fat cells and stimulating the segregation of ghrelin hormones, which make us eat more. All of this happens as a defense mechanism for dangerous situations, where we need to have enough energy to escape the emergency, but when stress becomes habitual, the effects of Cortisol no longer offer benefits and can be harmful to our health.
It has been shown that the cells’ sensitivity to insulin signals, improves significantly in those who are overweight or obese and lose 5 to 10% of their body weight, thus considerably reducing the effects of insulin resistance on their body as well as their risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.
A scientific study called the “Diabetes Prevention Program” (DPP) yielded results that conclusively proved that the best way to reduce risk factors and prevent or delay a Diabetes diagnosis is to maintain an increasingly healthier life style.