Hyperglycemia: Symptoms and what to do if I have high blood sugar
Hyperglycemia symptoms occur gradually and include:
- Excessive thirst or polydipsia.
- Frequent urination or polyuria.
- Lethargy, drowsiness.
- Hot, dry skin.
- Fatigue, tiredness.
- Fruity or winey smelling breath.
- Wounds that are slow to heal.
What should I do if I have Hyperglycemia?
Treating Hyperglycemia is simple, and you can do it by yourself at home. The first thing to do if you feel any symptoms is to check your blood sugar, and if your level is at or above 240 mg/dl, you’ll need to get a urine ketone test. If you have urine ketones, you’ll need to call your doctor to avoid any possible Ketoacidosis, which if not acted upon promptly, can lead to the emergency room visit to solve the problem.
If you don’t have urine ketones, but have elevated glucose levels, the best way to counteract your hyperglycemia will be to return to your daily treatment routine. It’s very important for you to check your blood sugar levels to make sure they’ve dropped back to normal levels.
If while rigorously monitoring your treatment, your blood sugar levels don’t descend to ideal levels, you’ll have to consult with your physician for alternatives or changes in your usual treatment.
Some recommendations to treat Hyperglycemia can be:
- Rigorously enforcing your drug treatment, either with oral medications or insulin, in the doses and schedule set by your doctor.
- Exercising is good for reducing your blood sugar levels, however if you have urine ketones you shouldn’t exercise.
- Exercising when ketones are present can further increase your blood glucose and ketones.
- Ingesting less food than indicated, until your blood sugar levels drops, can also be a good idea.
- It’s also important to check your blood sugar levels to keep them from decreasing too much, that is, from becoming Hypoglycemic.
It’s very important to check your blood glucose levels frequently, so you can see how they are, and if they’re a bit too high, to act as soon as possible so they won’t continue to rise. Remember that the goal of controlling your Diabetes is to keep your glucose levels as close to normal as possible, which will help you prevent the dreaded chronic complications associated with bad Diabetes control, i.e. making sure you’re doing everything you need to maintain an excellent quality of life.