If you have Diabetes, your feet require Special Care
People with Diabetes have a higher risk of getting serious feet problems. Even though most problems occur on people who have had poor Diabetes control for more than 10 years, taking preventive measures from the beginning is the best way to avoid later problems; the most important thing is to keep your blood sugar levels within the normal range (70-110 mg/dl) for as long as possible.
If you have Diabetes, and it’s not well controlled, your feet will be more vulnerable to infection so they require special care. Some of the reasons why this happens are:
- Low blood flow: Diabetes can cause thickening of the blood vessels walls, reducing circulation in the lower leg and foot. If the patient gets a wound, it’ll take longer to heal and will have an increased risk of infection.
- Nerve damage: One of the complications of Diabetes is neuropathy (nerve damage), which can cause the patient to feel numbness on their feet, no sensitivity to temperature or even pain. So the person could be wounded without feeling it, which can culminate in an infection without the patient being aware of it.
- Less resistance to infection: When blood glucose levels are above normal, white blood cells (which fight infection) may not work as effectively as they should, so bacteria and other organisms invade more quickly and cause more damage, increasing the risk of infection.
Prevention is key
People with Diabetes should see all foot problems as potentially dangerous. They should take all necessary measures to avoid any feet problems, and if any problem arises, seek immediate medical assistance. You are responsible for your foot care: and proper care can make a big difference. You must be prepared to take preventive measures and be alert to early signs of damage.